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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

International Journal of Digital Entrepreneurship and Business (IDEB) is an open access journal. The term open access gives the right of readers to read, download, distribute, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles free of charge.

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication allowing others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. International Journal of Digital Entrepreneurship and Business apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) to all manuscripts to be published.

Policy of Screening for Plagiarism

Papers submitted to IDEB will be screened for plagiarism using Turnitin plagiarism detection tools. Papers leading to plagiarism will be immediately rejected.


Payments for Publication

We don't normally ask any fee from authors. The Journal management has the right to change the article fee or not to charge articles when it deems necessary.


About Styles

The following writing and referencing rules are to be taken into consideration.

Click here for IDEB Manuscript Template 

The articles need to be not published elsewhere previously. Manuscripts accepted for publication must be written in English or Bahasa Indonesia. Articles are published bilingual in our journal, hence the manuscripts will be translated (free of cost) from english to Indonesian language and vice versa. 


The title of the article must be written in capital letters, using font size 14 and bold. One line space must be left after the title. The name and surname of the author(s), their title, and the institution they work for must be written. Title should attract the reader’s attention and justify the contents of the research article. The title consists of 10 - 12 words

Number of Pages

The number of the pages of the article must not exceed 15, excluding reference list. The whole work must be written in Times New Roman, font size 12. Subheading must be in bold, and the first letter of each word must be capital letters.

Format Style

All the text must be written using 1.15 line spacing, excluding the reference list (single line spacing). The article should normally consist of the following parts:

  • Abstract,
  • Introduction,
  • Literature Review,
  • Method,
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusion



The abstract may be the only part of the paper people read. Try to give the readers some concrete information and basic results to get them interested. The abstract should probably be about two-thirds of a page. The language of abstract must be clear and concise in one paragraph. The section explains the summary of the article. It should consist of research objective, methodology, results and discussion, and conclusion. The abstract must be within 150 - 250 words. The abstract must not provide lengthy background information and have no reference to figure, table, equation, any reference either coming within or other article.



Many people search for articles based on key words. It is also good to think about the key words. Important/specific words or phrases found mainly in the title and abstract (5–7 keywords).



Start your section preferably with an interesting research question. State how past research did not fully answer the question or key aspects of the research. The introduction exhibits previous studies (mini-literature) and provides detail definition to the importance of this study (motivate), and state the research objective. 

The introduction must discuss the relevant journal article (with citation) relevant to this study and summarize the existing understanding of the problem statement (situate) to demonstrate novelty of the research. Situating and Motivating your paper is a very important step in organizing your paper and showing its contribution to readers


Literature Review

Show readers you know the key papers in the field and area you are researching. Relevant discussion of the theory and evidence is clear and a clear description of the development of the field (in your area) and the evidence for your research question. Literature review should also address why your paper is needed and is entering the field (being written) at this time.

The literature review represents the theoretical and/or scientific concepts. In this section, author(s) are encouraged to discuss the purpose of a literature review. Literature review can include the conceptual framework and development of hypothesis for the underlying study.



Although there are occasionally good reasons to vary the order, it is usually good to present the data on the sample or population first. Try to provide as much helpful descriptive data as space permits and provide a summary table by including a correlation matrix with the means, standard deviations, and alphas of all independent, dependent, moderator, mediator, and control variables.

The methods should explain clearly how the research carried out such as data sources (where the data was collected, from whom the data was collected, and when the data was collected), techniques of collection (descriptions of the constructs and measures should be in order, generally consistent with literature review), and the processing.

The method must clearly describe the research design, its procedures, and how the data is analyzed.


Result and Discussion

Restate your hypotheses in the Results section (not word for word, just a restatement then give your results for that hypothesis with very limited discussion), then go to the next hypothesis. Do this one by one. Do not just list out a table that says “supported” or “not supported.” (Provide some brief explanation if the results turned out differently). No new ideas and few or no cites in Results. Just your findings with very brief comment or clarification about them.

The result section shows objectively the presentation of the research key results without any interpretation using text, tables and figures. The result section begins with text, presenting the key finding, and referring to the tables and figures. The figures must be clear and where possible highlight trends, pattern, and relationship. The result section must present how the author ensure the data validity and reliability. 

Highlight what do we know that we did not know before? The discussion section show the new understanding of the problem after taking into account the literature review and the results into consideration. The discussion should strongly connect to the Introduction.

The discussion section should also include contributions towards theory, empirical, practice, methods, other (government policy, regulation etc.) – where possible – for the underlying research, limitations providing critical judgement and the gap in the underlying research, and future research opportunities for future researchers.


Conclusion should have 1-2 paragraph (try not to end with Limitations, those go in the previous section – end more positively). Tie everything together with an informative summary. Conclusion should be pretty good such that people who did not read the whole paper can learn the basics of the paper by reading both the introduction (as introduction for the set-up of the paper and its organization) and the conclusion (conclusion to state results clearly). Provide a clear message, if this article contain only one message, what message would that be?



References should only include books, articles, theses, research reports in APA style. Guidelines to APA style used for in-text citations and references are available at The reference must consist of 80% from relevant and recent primary sources (such as article of journal or conference from last 7 years). The reference must be written in APA style and using reference manager software (Mendeley, Zotero, etc).

Few example for references: (Font 12, TNR, Line and Paragraph Spacing 1, hanging indent).

Choudhury, K. (2013). Service quality and customers’ purchase intentions: an empirical study of the Indian banking sector.                               International Journal of Bank Marketing, 31(7), 529–543.

Frank, M. Z., & Goyal, V. K. (2009). Capital Structure Decisions: Which Factors Are Reliably Important ?, 1–37.

Gujarati, D. N., & Porter, D. C. (2009). Basic Econometrics. McGraw-Hill.

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis. Hair (7th, 2010).pdf. Pearson.

Wagner, M. (2013). “Green” Human Resource Benefits: Do they Matter as Determinants of

Environmental Management System Implementation? Journal of Business Ethics, 114(3), 443–456.

In-Text citations

Use the name of the author(s) followed by the year of publication when citing references within the text and page number. For example:

  • 1 author (Callan, 1998)
  • 2 authors (Eggen & Kauchak, 2001)
  • 3 or more authors (Ivanitskaya at al., 2002)

How to create a Reference List

  • Single author:
    • Amer, A. (2006). Reflections on Bloom’s revised taxonumy. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 4/8, 213-230.
    • Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, the classification of educational goals, handbook I: Cognitive Domain. New York, NY: David McKay Company.
    • Callan, R. J. (1998). Circadian rhythm and the business person. International Journal of Value Based Management 11: 9–17.
    • Forehand, M. (2005). Bloom’s taxonomy: Orginal and revised. In Emerging Persceptives on Learning, Teaching, and Technology. Retrieved 29 March, 2010 from
  • 2 authors:
    • Biggs, J. B. & Collis, K. (1982). Evaluating the quality of learning: the SOLO taxonomy. New York, NY: Academic Pres.
    • Eggen, P. & Kauchak, D. (2001). Educational psychology: Windows on classrooms. New Jersey, NJ: Merrill.
    • Erden, M., & Akman, Y. (1996). Egitim psikolojisi[Educational psychology]. Ankara, Turkey: Arkadas Yayınevi.
    • Minogue, J. & Jones, G. (2009). Measuring the impact of haptic feedback using the SOLO taxonomy.International Journal of Science Education, 31/10, 1359–1378.
    • O’Neill, G., & Murphy, F. (2010). Guide to taxonomies of learning. UCD Teaching and Learning/Resources, Retrieved 01 November, 2010 from
  • 3 or more authors:

Ivanitskaya, L.; Clark, D.; Montgomery, G. & Primeau, R. (2002). Interdisciplinary learning: Process and outcomes. Innovative Higher Education, 27/2, 95-111.

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